By Deborah K. W. Modrak
This can be a e-book approximately Aristotle's philosophy of language, interpreted in a framework that offers a finished interpretation of Aristotle's metaphysics, philosophy of brain, epistemology and technological know-how. The goals of the booklet are to explicate the outline of that means contained in De Interpretatione and to teach the relevance of that thought of desiring to a lot of the remainder of Arisotle's philosophy. within the procedure Deborah Modrak unearths how that idea of which means has been a lot maligned.
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Extra info for Aristotle's Theory of Language and Meaning
That this is so is supported by the claim that the mental state resembles (stands in the relation of likeness to) the pragma. Pragma is Aristotle's term for the actually existing object, event, or situation that a word, a sentence, or a belief refers to or describes. This is clear from his characterization of truth. 22 Pragmata exist in their own right. The mind apprehends them but does not, unless certain mental dispositions are at issue, create them. In De Interpretations 1, the mental states corresponding to the pragmata are described as pathemata and 6|ioic6|iaTa (likenesses).
Aristotle uses infinitives for the seventh, ninth, and tenth categories, namely, to be in a position, to have, and to act or be affected. He also gives third person singular forms of verbs as examples of the categories of position ('lies') and having ('has armor on'). Verbs function much like other parts of speech for Aristotle; the true ascription of a verb depends on features of the world like any other ascription. For this reason, presumably, Aristotle uses verb forms to illustrate the four categories named by infinitives (verbal nouns).
Socrates is a man' is true just in case 'Socrates' denotes a human being. The referent of the relative term 'father' is a complex state of affairs consisting of a primary substance standing in a particular relation to another primary substance and, for this reason, the relative cannot simply be identified with either the primary substance or the relation. Not only substances but also items falling under the other categories stand in various relations. Knowledge is another example given by Aristotle of a relative (6b2-6).