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By George F. McLean

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With different arguments, the same point of view is reinforced in Michael Wigodsky’s contribution. Unlike Obbink,Wigodsky maintains that the tranquil and noninterfering Epicurean gods, so utterly unlike Vergil’s, were believed by Epicurus and Philodemus to have actual objective existence as finite beings in real space and real time. Marilyn Skinner, by contrast—but by no means total contrast, for what we are seeing is a series of reflections on Vergil’s independence of mind in taking up (especially in the Aeneid) subjects whose relevance to an Epicurean poet his brilliant teacher Philodemus might have regarded with alarm—shows that Philodemus’ theory of poetry, namely his contention that its essence is interpenetrating perfection of thought and form and that its moral teaching and emotional impact, for good or ill, is a separate question indifferent to its essence and best argued by philosophers, cannot well have satisfied Vergil, if we understand correctly the various passages in the Aeneid in which the ability of art to portray and console is brought out.

I reproduce the text of Einarson and De Lacy ( 967). 2 Buffière. 2. Conveniently, Heraclitus cites only lines 6–7 and , thus omitting Odysseus’ description of the pleasures of poetry. On this, Asmis 995a: 6– 7 is very perceptive. 3. The rhetorical background of the language of –7 is well set out by Westendorp Boerma 949: 06– 4 and by Johannes and Maria Götte 977: 623–627. Rostagni ( 96 : 42) makes the common suggestion that the school of Vergil’s scholastici is that of Epidius in Rome. 4. Anth. Pal.

7. Sider ( 995: 38) has connected Catalepton 5 with Philodemus ep. 7 (Anth. Pal. 4 = 4 in Gigante 988; 4 in Sider 997). As Sider would recognize, it is the Vergilian deviation that is striking; both poems are farewells to the Muse, but Philodemus wrote his at the age of nearly thirty-seven, and he is acquiring a new and more philosophical Muse in Xanthippe; the young Vergil had no intention in this short choliambic poem of putting the koronis on his career as a poet. 8. That Vergil has Pausilypon in mind is suggested by his translation of the Greek place-name in vitamque ab omni vindicabimus cura ( 0); cf.

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