By Lecturer in Hebrew and Aramaic at the Faculty of Oriental Studies Geoffrey Khan
Being direct descendants of the Aramaic spoken by means of the Jews in antiquity, the nonetheless spoken Jewish Neo-Aramaic dialects of Kurdistan deserve specified and vibrant curiosity. Geoffrey Khan's A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic is a different list of 1 of those dialects, now at the verge of extinction. This quantity, the results of vast fieldwork, incorporates a description of the dialect spoken by means of the Jews from the zone of Arbel (Iraqi Kurdistan), including a transcription of recorded texts and a thesaurus. The grammar includes sections on phonology, morphology and syntax, preceded by means of an introductory bankruptcy interpreting the location of this dialect on the subject of the opposite identified Neo-Aramaic dialects. The transcribed texts checklist folktales and bills of customs, traditions and studies of the Jews of Kurdistan.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic. The dialect of the Jews of Arbel
Kud < *kul d(Nöldeke 1882: 681; Guidi 1883: 297; Sachau 1895: 12). g. txr 'to remember' < *dkr. 5. g. äkil <*bäke < *bärik < *dämik < *näkip 8 Another possible ease of the influenee of Aramaie phonology on Kurdish is the presenee of pharyngals and pharyngalization in Kurdish (Hoberman 1985: 229). g. the use of the particle d in genitive construetions (cf. Soane 1913: 15, 104). A number of lexical items in Kurdish, moreover, are of Aramaie origin (Pennacchietti and Orengo 1995: 229-230). 9 The elision of dental stops is more common in Kurdish than the shift to II!
Sö) dialects, where it is preserved. g. ll In some NENA dialects the historical presence of the pharyngal is reflected by a emphatic pronunciation of the word (Tsereteli 1990). In a few exceptional cases the reflex of post-vocalic *g in native Aramaie words is a stop. g. il < *maggon (with secondary gemination; cf. g. ). g. ta-gure 'to the men', xa-gora 'a 10 Cf. Jewish Zakho and Amedia 1-röya (Hoberman 1997: 320). 11 Cf. MlaJ:isö 1-gav (Jastrow 1994: 175). 34 SECTION ONE man'. The lexicalization does not extent, however, to all categories of word from the same historical root, as is shown by pairs such as the verb ply 'to divide' and the noun pilga 'half', both of which are derived historically from the root plg.
J Ilmre:'ne:] 'those Muslims' (Y:176), rabta [rrec)>'t're] 'big' (B:lO). g. 18 SECTION ONE bäbeu [bre:'be·u:] 'his father' (Y:168). g. nbille 'he took' : npille 'he fell'. g. patlx [p're'ln] 'he opens', pllxle ['pli ·xle] 'he opened', Spira [Jpi:rre] 'good'. g. kipni [k'g(j>'ni:] 'my hunger' (S:116). g. afillu 'even' (Hebrew). In final position it is sometimes pronounced voiced when in contact with a voiced consonant: kef gollwa [k'e:v go:'li:wa] 'they had a good time' (Y:3), zarlt zar'if [zreri:v zreri:f] 'very well' (B:112).