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By John K. Thornton

Precis: A Cultural heritage of the Atlantic international, 1250–1820 explores the concept robust hyperlinks exist within the histories of Africa, Europe and North and South the United States. John okay. Thornton offers a accomplished evaluate of the heritage of the Atlantic Basin prior to 1830 via describing political, social and cultural interactions among the continents' population. He strains the backgrounds of the populations on those 3 continental landmasses introduced into touch by way of eu navigation. Thornton then examines the political and social implications of the encounters, tracing the origins of numerous Atlantic societies and displaying how new methods of consuming, ingesting, talking and worshipping built within the newly created Atlantic global. This e-book makes use of shut readings of unique resources to supply new interpretations of its topic.

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Throughout the rest of the fourteenth century, the Canaries became a regular point to visit. Europeans made their first unsuccessful attempts to conquer the islands, and made numerous raids on them for cattle, sheep, and slaves. By century’s end, missionaries were visiting them to convert these strange people, who lived on islands but made no boats, who had social stratification and small states but did not use metals, to Christianity. Europeans dubbed the waters that connected Europe, the Canaries, and northern Africa the “Little Sea” (Mar Pequeña) after it became a part of regular navigation.

Indeed, at least one Christian charity was established with the entire purpose of redeeming Christians captured by Muslim pirates. In the sixteenth century, as many as 15,000 people from one or the other shore were thus enslaved. It might have been no different in Africa, except that there, the local people were taken completely by surprise and there was no garrison or coastal protection at all. These were easy pickings for the Portuguese, who dropped the commercial intentions of their sponsors for the pirates’ calling.

57 Tu devocionis sinceritas, November 15, 1344, Monumenta Henriciana 1: 209. The Portuguese crown protested the grant, claiming that they had sponsored earlier and more successful expeditions to the islands; see Protest of King Afonso IV, 1345, Monumenta Henricina 1: 231–234. 26 The Atlantic Background own funds. However, when the war with Portugal broke out, a number of Castillian ships advanced into Africa and dealt in gold with the Gold Coast, whose rulers had no interest in supporting either the Portuguese king’s or Fernão Gomes’s claims to monopoly.

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