By Ian Stewart
Las ecuaciones, esos conjuntos de números y símbolos separados por el signo igual, son el alma de las matemáticas, los angeles ciencia y los angeles tecnología. Sin ellas, nuestro mundo no existiría en su forma real: escondidas para muchos, han constituido una fuerza motriz en l. a. civilización humana durante miles de años, abriendo nuevas perspectivas en campos tan variados como las comunicaciones, los angeles tecnología espacial o l. a. física nuclear. Que así es, es algo que se encarga de demostrar, con su maestría recurring, el distinguido matemático y reputado divulgador Ian Stewart. Para ello ha seleccionado 17 ecuaciones, pertenecientes a dos grupos diferentes. Uno es el de las ecuaciones que revelan regularidades matemáticas, como el teorema de Pitágoras, que nos cube cómo están relacionados los tres lados de un triángulo rectángulo, mientras que el otro es el de las ecuaciones que expresan leyes de los angeles naturaleza, como l. a. ley de gravitación common de Newton, las ecuaciones del electromagnetismo de Maxwell, l. a. ecuación de Schrödinger de los angeles mecánica cuántica, o los angeles ecuación desarrollada por Claude Shannon que outline cuánta información contiene un mensaje.
In In Pursuit of the Unknown, celebrated mathematician Ian Stewart makes use of a handful of mathematical equations to discover the very important connections among math and human development. we regularly put out of your mind the historic hyperlink among arithmetic and technological advances, says Stewartbut this connection is indispensable to any entire knowing of human history.
Equations are modeled at the styles we discover on the earth round us, says Stewart, and it's via equations that we can make feel of, and in flip impression, our international. Stewart locates the origins of every equation he presentsfrom Pythagoras’s Theorem to Newton’s legislation of Gravity to Einstein’s idea of Relativitywithin a specific historic second, elucidating the advance of mathematical and philosophical proposal helpful for every equation’s discovery. None of those equations emerged in a vacuum, Stewart indicates; every one drew, indirectly, on prior equations and the deliberating the day. In flip, all of those equations cleared the path for significant advancements in arithmetic, technology, philosophy, and know-how. with out logarithms (invented within the early seventeenth century by means of John Napier and more desirable by way of Henry Briggs), scientists don't have been in a position to calculate the move of the planets, and mathematicians shouldn't have been capable of advance fractal geometry. The Wave Equation is likely one of the most vital equations in physics, and is essential for engineers learning the vibrations in autos and the reaction of constructions to earthquakes. And the equation on the middle of data thought, devised by means of Claude Shannon, is the foundation of electronic communique today.
An approachable and informative consultant to the equations upon which just about each point of clinical and mathematical figuring out relies, In Pursuit of the Unknown is usually a reminder that equations have profoundly inspired our pondering and proceed to make attainable some of the advances that we take without any consideration.
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Additional info for 17 ecuaciones que cambiaron el mundo
Both see themselves as natural leaders in their parts of Asia, but increasingly their spheres intersect and overlap, and neither is willing to give way. War between them seems about as unlikely as it ever has been—which is to say it is not unthinkable. But even without any immediate prospect of conflict, their geo political competition is reshaping the patterns of interna tional affairs. As in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the great powers are forming combinations, formal and informal alliances, to protect their interests and further their ambitions.
In its "extended neigh borhood," which includes the Indian Ocean and its vast littoral, it has sought to preserve a favorable power bal ance and to prevent others, again principally China, from making gains at its expense. " 60 61 62 Like all rising and ambitious powers, India faces obsta cles, and the biggest, in the view of many Indians, is THE RETURN OF HISTORY China. " India has since sought to temper its rhetoric and pursue better relations with China, but the strategic competition between the two great powers endures.
The competition between China and Japan remains a central feature of Asian geopolitics. Both seek to augment their status and power relative to the other, in the military and strategic as well as economic and political realms. Chinese diplomats work to prevent Japan from gaining a seat as permanent member on the United Nations Security Council. Japanese foreign policy has aimed at warmer relations with Taiwan. Were China to take mili tary action against Taiwan, the Japanese would view it as a serious risk to their nation's security.